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size of coarse aggregate for concrete

What nominal maximum sizes of aggregate are recommended?

Because maximum aggregate size can impact concrete properties such as shrinkage, and also the cost of concrete, the largest aggregate size consistent with the requirements of 26.4.2.1 should be permitted. With the w/cm fixed, the larger the nominal maximum size of aggregates, the lower the cement content for a given consistency. Or, stated ...

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Effect of Size of Coarse Aggregate on Mechanical ...

Experimental studies were conducted to explore the effect of the size of the coarse aggregate on the mechanical properties and microstructure of a metakaolin-based geopolymer (MKGP) concrete and ordinary concrete. Three coarse aggregate size grades (5–10 mm, 10–16 mm, and 16–20 mm) were adopted to prepare the specimens.

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Aggregates for Concrete

AGGREGATES FOR CONCRETE E1-3 sieve and predominantly retained on the 75 µm (No. 200) sieve is called “fine aggregate” or “sand,” and larger aggregate is called “coarse aggregate.” Coarse aggregate may be available in several different size groups, such as 19 to 4.75 mm (3/4 in. to No. 4), or 37.5 to 19 mm (1-1/2 to 3/4 in.).

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HOW TO DECIDE MAXIMUM SIZE OF COARSE AGGREGATE TO

Mar 23, 2015  On the other hand in smaller size aggregates the surface area is increased which increases w/c ratio and lower strength is achieved. In general for strength upto 200 kg/cm 2 aggregates upto 40 mm may be used and for strength above 300 kg/cm 2 aggregate upto 20 mm may be used. Conditions That Decide Maximum Size of Coarse Aggregate to be Used in ...

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What is the size of coarse aggregate used in concrete? - Quora

When the size of aggregate is greater than 4.75 mm ( say 5 mm) it is called coarse aggregate. Graded aggregates are used for better particle packing. The larger the size of aggregate lesser the cement required for same strength up to certain grade...

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Aggregates for concrete Aggregates sizes for concrete

The two types of aggregates are given below. Fine aggregates. Coarse aggregates. 1) Fine aggregates:- The aggregates whose size is less than 4.75 mm are known as fine aggregates. Fine aggregate is also known as sand. 2) Coarse aggregate:- The aggregate whose size is greater than 4.75 mm is known as coarse aggregate.

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Effect of Cement Content and Size of Coarse Aggregate on ...

However, for concrete with cement content more than 150 kg/m 3 , strength increases with the increase in size of coarse aggregate upto 25 mm and decreases as the aggregate size

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Effects of shape and size of aggregates in concrete

How does the shape and size of coarse aggregates affect the properties of concrete? A. Aggregate shape and surface texture influence the properties of freshly mixed concrete more than the properties of hardened concrete. Rough-textured, angular, and elongated particles require more water to produce workable concrete than smooth, rounded compact ...

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The Effect of Aggregate Size on The Strength of Concrete

several factors such as, mixing ratio, aggregate size, texture, coarse and fine aggregate, compaction method, curing period and some parameters have been discussed in literature review. The results showed the concrete aggregate size of 20mm has a 45.7% higher compressive strength than the concrete aggregate size of 10mm.

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Replacement Of Coarse Aggregate In Concrete - [Civil Planets]

The size of fine aggregate particles is less than 4.75mm. Why is the replacement material required instead of coarse aggregate? The cement, sand coarse aggregates are the vital material in construction. At present, a structure can not be constructed without those materials. In concrete, the aggregate occupies

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Aggregate in Concrete - The Concrete Network

Aggregates are generally thought of as inert filler within a concrete mix. But a closer look reveals the major role and influence aggregate plays in the properties of both fresh and hardened concrete. Changes in gradation, maximum size, unit weight, and moisture content can all alter the character and performance of your concrete mix.

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EFFECTS OF AGGREGATE TYPE, SIZE, AND CONTENT ON

increase in aggregate size results in a decrease in the compressive strength of concrete. Cook (1989) showed that, for compressive strengths in excess of 69 MPa (10,000 psi), smaller sized coarse aggregate produces higher strengths for a given water-to-cement ratio. In fact, it is generally agreed that, although larger coarse aggregates can be used

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On Effect of Size of Aggregate on Self-Compacting Concrete

1.2.1 Coarse Aggregate 6 1.2.2 Fine Aggregate 7 1.2.3 Cement 7 1.2.4 Water 8 1.2.5 Mineral Admixtures 8 1.2.6 Chemical Admixtures 11 ... The parameters of study include grade of concrete and effect of size of aggregate. The existing Nan Su [2001] method of mix design was based on packing factor for a particular grade of concrete, obtained on ...

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What is the size of coarse aggregate used in concrete? - Quora

When the size of aggregate is greater than 4.75 mm ( say 5 mm) it is called coarse aggregate. Graded aggregates are used for better particle packing. The larger the size of aggregate lesser the cement required for same strength up to certain grade...

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Aggregate Sizing Explained - Chaney Enterprises

Jan 15, 2016  For example coarse aggregate has a standard grading requirement for each different size from #1 to #8. A #1 aggregate is a nominal size of 3 ½ to 1 ½ inches and a #8 aggregate is a nominal size of 3/8 to 0.094 inch. More specifically, a #57 aggregate is the combination of #5 and #7 aggregates ranging from 1 to 0.19 inch.

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Coarse Aggregates: Types, Properites Applications

1.Size of Coarse Aggregates: The size of the coarse aggregate depends on the use of the concrete is to be poured. For large-scale concreting operations without complex reinforcement, large aggregates of size 80 mm, 40 mm, 20 mm are used. For the simple construction of residential or other buildings, 20 mm is the maximum size will be used.

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Effect of Cement Content and Size of Coarse Aggregate on ...

However, for concrete with cement content more than 150 kg/m 3 , strength increases with the increase in size of coarse aggregate upto 25 mm and decreases as the aggregate size

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Concrete Technology Manual Chapter 3, Review of Concrete ...

reinforced concrete construction the maximum size of coarse aggregate will be limited by wall thickness, space between adjacent reinforcing bars, and/or similar structural features. Fine aggregate serves two purposes. First, it is an inexpensive filler of most of the voids that exist in even the best-graded coarse aggregate. Second, it improves ...

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Effect of content and particle size distribution of coarse ...

Apr 01, 2010  The coarse aggregate consists of crushed limestone having the mineralogical composition shown in Table 1 and presenting a rough surface. Three different granular fractions (3/8, 8/15 and 15/25 mm) were used to elucidate the effect of the grain size distribution of coarse aggregate on concrete properties. It should be mentioned that, this CA ...

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Shape, Size - Coarse Aggregates

Coarse aggregates are classified into two main groups: (i) single-size aggregate and (ii) graded aggregate. Single-size aggregate is based on a nominal size specification. It contains about 85 to 100 percent of the material which passes through that specified size of the sieve and zero to 25% of which is retained in the next lower sieve.

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The Effect of Aggregate Size on The Strength of Concrete

several factors such as, mixing ratio, aggregate size, texture, coarse and fine aggregate, compaction method, curing period and some parameters have been discussed in literature review. The results showed the concrete aggregate size of 20mm has a 45.7% higher compressive strength than the concrete aggregate size of 10mm.

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II - Concrete Aggregates Ontario Sand, Stone Gravel ...

The gradation of the coarse aggregates used in concrete pavement and concrete base shall meet the requirements for 37.5 mm and 19 mm aggregate shown in Table 4. Aggregates shall be stockpiled as individual size fractions and blended in the mix so as to meet the combined gradation requirements shown in Table 4.

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EFFECTS OF AGGREGATE SIZES ON THE CONCRETE STRENGTH ...

2.1 Materials For Concrete 2.2 Aggregates Introduction 2.2.1 Fine Aggregate/Sand 2.2.2 Coarse Aggregate/Granite. Chapter Three 3.0 Mixing Of The Concrete. Chapter Four 4.0 Preparation For Placing And Compaction. Chapter Five 5.0 Curing. Chapter Six 6.0 Testing Of Hardened Concrete And Tabulation Of Results. Chapter Seven 7.0 Conclusions And ...

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IS 383 (1970): Specification for Coarse and Fine ...

2.2 Coarse Aggregate -- Aggregate most of which is retained on 4*75-mm IS Sieve and containing only so much finer material as is permitted for the various types described in this standard. NOTE -Coarse aggregate may be described as: a) uncrushcd gravel or stone which results from natural disintegration of

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Advantages of Using Maximum Size of Aggregate in Concrete

Apr 23, 2020  The Particle Size Distribution of an aggregate is determined by the Sieve analysis. The proper grading of aggregates produces a denser concrete. Therefore, it is essential that fine and coarse aggregates are well graded.

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(PDF) COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF CONCRETE FLEXURAL

In order to determine the effects of coarse aggregate size on the flexural strength of concrete, concrete beams were produced in accordance with BS 1881

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Aggregate Sizing Explained - Chaney Enterprises

Jan 15, 2016  For example coarse aggregate has a standard grading requirement for each different size from #1 to #8. A #1 aggregate is a nominal size of 3 ½ to 1 ½ inches and a #8 aggregate is a nominal size of 3/8 to 0.094 inch. More specifically, a #57 aggregate is the combination of #5 and #7 aggregates

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Coarse Aggregate in Concrete Construction Shyam Steel

Size of Coarse Aggregate Materials that are large enough to be retained on the 4.7mm sieve size usually constitute coarse aggregates and can reach a maximum size of 63mm. The size of coarse aggregates affects several aspects of the concrete, mainly strength and workability, and the amount of water needed for the concrete

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Aggregate size Concrete Construction Magazine

Does the use of larger coarse aggregate in a mix tend to produce concrete of higher strength? A recent report by the National Ready Mixed Concrete Association reached the following conclusions: 1. At a given water ratio, within the range employed in most structural concrete, smaller maximum sizes of aggregate will tend to produce higher ...

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Aggregates - Portland Cement Association

Coarse aggregates are any particles greater than 0.19 inch, but generally range between 3/8 and 1.5 inches in diameter. Gravels constitute the majority of coarse aggregate used in concrete with crushed stone making up most of the remainder. Natural gravel and sand are usually dug or dredged from a pit, river, lake, or seabed.

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Effect of Coarse Aggregate size on strength of high ...

like cement, coarse aggregates, fine aggregates, water, and mineral admixture in the form of silica fume and fly ash and super plasticizer. Three sizes of coarse aggregates i.e, 10 mm, 12.5mm and 16mm with two types of fine aggregates with fineness modulus 2.65 and 2.88 were used in concrete.

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What Is Coarse Aggregate Properties Of Coarse Aggregate ...

Jun 22, 2021  Coarse aggregates are irregular in shape, broken stones, or naturally occurring round gravels that are used to make concrete. Aggregate which has a size bigger than 4.75 mm or which retrained on 4.75 mm IS Sieve are known as Coarse aggregate.

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Inspection Sampling Procedures for Fine Coarse

MATERIAL SAMPLE SIZE No. 2 coarse aggregate 220 lb No. 5 coarse aggregate 110 lb No. 8 coarse aggregate 55 lb No. 9 coarse aggregate 35 lb No. 11 No. 12 coarse aggregate 25 lb No. 43 coarse aggregate 110 lb No. 53 coarse aggregate 135 lb No. 73 coarse aggregate 80 lb 2 in. Structure Backfill 245 lb 1 1/2 in. Structure Backfill 190 lb

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Does Aggregate Size Affect Concrete Shrinkage? Concrete ...

Dec 01, 2000  Q.: I've heard that pea-gravel concrete shrinks more than concrete made with a larger maximum-size coarse aggregate. Why? A.: Cement paste shrinks and most aggregates don't, so increasing the aggregate content (reducing the paste content) reduces shrinkage. To produce a workable concrete, a small maximum-size aggregate such as pea gravel requires a higher sand content than

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(PDF) EFFECT OF COARSE AGGREGATE CHARACTERISTICS ON ...

The outcome of the study revealed that the strength, stiffness, and fracture energy of concrete for a given water/cement ratio depend on the type of aggregate The effects of content and particle size distribution of coarse aggregate on the compressive strength of concrete have been investigated (Meddah et. al., 2010).

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IS 383 (1970): Specification for Coarse and Fine ...

2.2 Coarse Aggregate -- Aggregate most of which is retained on 4*75-mm IS Sieve and containing only so much finer material as is permitted for the various types described in this standard. NOTE -Coarse aggregate may be described as: a) uncrushcd gravel or stone which results from natural disintegration of

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Determining Required Concrete Cylinder Size

determine the acceptability of concrete. Tex-447-A Part I (ASTM C 31) requires the cylinder diameter to be at least three times the nominal maximum size of the coarse aggregate. The nominal maximum size of the aggregate is defined as the smallest sieve opening through which the entire sample of the aggregate will pass.

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Effects of Aggregate Properties on Concrete - Size, Grading

May 02, 2017  Variation in the size of Aggregates changes the water demand, cement content, micro-cracking (strength) in concrete. It also effects pumpability, and durability of concrete. Grading of aggregates depends on the proportions of coarse and fine aggregate. If grading of aggregate is varied, it also changes cement paste content (cost economy), workability of the mix,

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Effect of Coarse Aggregate Size and Grouting Process on ...

Neville proposed the use of coarse aggregates of sizes smaller than 38 mm, with the aggregates being gap-graded and of multiple sizes [13]. Later, the minimum size of coarse aggregates of 10 mm was suggested by Orchard [14]. However, the grouting process and the grout determine the minimum size of the coarse aggregates used or vice versa [3].

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