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important plants in ethiopia

Useful trees and shrubs of Ethiopia: Identification ...

2016-4-27  Ethiopia is one of the most important biodiversity hotspots in the world. In 1790, the first European, James Bruce of Scotland, documented only 18 plants in his Natural History of Ethiopia. Today, nearly seven thousand plant species, one thousand of which are endemic to Ethiopia, are

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Traditional Medicinal Plants in Ethiopia - Zambrut

2.1. Traditional Medicinal Plants in Ethiopia The various climatic and topographic conditions of the country contributed to a rich biological diversity. Ethiopia is believed to be home for about 6,000 species of higher plants with approximately 10% endemism (Vivero et al., 2006). Similarly as it was reported by IBC (2005), the flora of Ethiopia ...

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Four Plants of Ethiopia – Passenger Coffee

With nearly 90% of its population living in rural areas, Ethiopia is a largely agrarian country. Agriculture accounts for 41% of Ethiopia’s GDP and 80% of its total exports. Green (unroasted, raw) coffee is the most important export item, accounting for 28% of the country’s total

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The Red List of Endemic Trees Shrubs of Ethiopia and

2013-9-12  ations of useful or economically important plants and their relatives (Harlan 1969, Tewolde Berhan 1991, Zohary 1970). Tree species are of particular importance in this region of low forest cover. The plants of Ethiopia and Eritrea are generally studied together because of the historical and biogeographical links between the countries. They are ...

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Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute » Plant Species Diversity

Ethiopia is one of the major Vavilovian centers of origin/diversity for several domesticated crops and their wild and weedy relatives. It is an important primary and secondary gene pool for many field crop species that are useful sources of germplasm for economic traits in general and sources of genes resistance to diseases and pests in particular.

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(PDF) Ethnobotanical and indigenous knowledge of

An ethnobotanical study was conducted in East Hararghe, Ethiopia to identify and investigate the use of various plants by the traditional healers and communities engaged in domestic, pesticide and ...

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Aloes of Ethiopia: A Review on Uses and Importance of ...

2017-3-6  of Ethiopia: A Review on Uses and Importance of Aloes in Ethiopia. Bula Kere Oda and Baressa Anbessa Erena* Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural and Computational Sciences, Bule Hora University, Ethiopia. Abstract. This review work tries to address on ethno botanical knowledge of . Aloe. plants in Ethiopia. There are 46 species of . Aloe

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Ethnobotanical and indigenous knowledge of important ...

2015-11-19  An ethnobotanical study was conducted in East Hararghe, Ethiopia to identify and investigate the use of various plants by the traditional healers and communities engaged in domestic, pesticide and medicinal use. A total of 78 species were observed to be used by the local inhabitants in the region for the treatments of various ailments. Out of these, herbs constitute 49% followed by trees

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Assessment of Important Plant Disease of Major Crops ...

2010-3-1  Assessment of Important Plant Disease of Major Crops (Sorghum Maize, Common Bean, Coffee, Mung Bean, Cowpea) in South Omo and Segen Peoples Zone of Ethiopia ... Results indicated that 70% of maize sampled plants were infected by Trichometasphaeria turcica at South Ari district of South ... (Benatsemay and Debub Ari districts) and Segen Peoples ...

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Economic Importance of Plants Encyclopedia

2021-6-16  Economic Importance of Plants Plants are extremely important in the lives of people throughout the world. People depend upon plants to satisfy such basic human needs as food, clothing, shelter, and health care. These needs are growing rapidly because of a growing world population, increasing incomes, and urbanization . Source for information on Economic Importance of Plants:

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SOME COMMON MEDICINAL AND POISONOUS PLANTS

2018-11-13  A number of plants are used in Ethiopia in the preparation of poison arrows, i.e. Acocanthera schimperiana , Adenium obesum , Adenium somalense , Cassia sp., Crotalaria retusa , Euphorbia spp., Securidaea lonqependuculata , Tephrosia vogelii . Nowadays, poison preparations are used more for homicidal purposes than for hunting game animals. ...

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Indigenous and Medicinal Uses of Plants in Nech Sar ...

In the case of Ethiopia, it is estimated that about 80% of the population are practicing indigenous knowledge based traditional medications which are mainly extracted from plants [6] [7] [8] . Ethiopia is endowed with a floral diversity which contains about 6500 - 7000 higher plant species of which 12% are estimated to be endemic.

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Review on medicinal plants used for the management of ...

Berhan, Ethiopia Review on medicinal plants used for the management of malaria in Amhara regional state, Ethiopia Abayneh Kassahun, Minbale Gashua and Kassahun Mulat ... important parts of plants used for the management of the disease are leaves (60.42%), roots (29.17%),

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One of N4ED’s program is gardening. This program is

2021-4-12  Potentially Important Food Plants of Ethiopia Dedication This book is dedicated to the 3 billion hard working farmers and families around the world who cultivate these, and other, food plants for their own subsistence, and who help conserve them in their rich diversity for other people to enjoy.

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Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute » Plant Species Diversity

Ethiopia is one of the major Vavilovian centers of origin/diversity for several domesticated crops and their wild and weedy relatives. It is an important primary and secondary gene pool for many field crop species that are useful sources of germplasm for economic traits in general and sources of genes resistance to diseases and pests in particular.

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The Red List of Endemic Trees Shrubs of Ethiopia and

2013-9-12  ations of useful or economically important plants and their relatives (Harlan 1969, Tewolde Berhan 1991, Zohary 1970). Tree species are of particular importance in this region of low forest cover. The plants of Ethiopia and Eritrea are generally studied together because of the historical and biogeographical links between the countries. They are ...

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A Review on Significant of Traditional Medicinal Plants ...

2021-8-2  Bekele E. Study on actual situation of medicinal plants in Ethiopia. Prepared for Japan Association for international Collaboration of Agriculture; and Forestry, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 2007. Dawit A. Plants as primary source of drugs in the traditional health care practices of Ethiopia. Plant genetic resource of Ethiopia. 2001;6:101-113

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Medicinal plants that used as repellent, insecticide and ...

2020-8-25  Plants have been used since ancient times to repel/kill insects throughout the world including Ethiopia. The distribution of knowledge and services of medicinal plants in Ethiopia are hierarchically placed and there is very little ethno botanical documentation on most medicinal species of the country. In order to document the insecticidal/ repellent plants which can use as source for ...

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SOME COMMON MEDICINAL AND POISONOUS PLANTS

2018-11-13  A number of plants are used in Ethiopia in the preparation of poison arrows, i.e. Acocanthera schimperiana , Adenium obesum , Adenium somalense , Cassia sp., Crotalaria retusa , Euphorbia spp., Securidaea lonqependuculata , Tephrosia vogelii . Nowadays, poison preparations are used more for homicidal purposes than for hunting game animals. ...

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Assessment of Important Plant Disease of Major Crops ...

2010-3-1  Assessment of Important Plant Disease of Major Crops (Sorghum Maize, Common Bean, Coffee, Mung Bean, Cowpea) in South Omo and Segen Peoples Zone of Ethiopia ... Results indicated that 70% of maize sampled plants were infected by Trichometasphaeria turcica at South Ari district of South ... (Benatsemay and Debub Ari districts) and Segen Peoples ...

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Assessment of the Indigenous Knowledge and Use of ...

2017-5-22  recorded in Ethiopia, of which 12% or more are probably endemic. Medicinal plants comprise one of the important components of the vegetation. On record there are 600 species of medicinal plants constituting a little over 10 percent of Ethiopia's vascular flora. They are distributed all over the

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GEOLOGY and MINERAL RESOURCES OF ETHIOPIA

2017-10-27  3. Geology and Mineral Potential of Ethiopia Geology underlain by rocks of Precambrian to recent Precambrian covers 25% (low-grade volcano-sedimentary rocks, high grade rocks and mafic to felsic intrusives) Palaeozoic – few places Mesozoic sed.Rocks-25% Cenozoic volc. sed.50% •Highland Tertiary volcanics (basalts)

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Economic Importance of Plants Encyclopedia

2021-6-16  Economic Importance of Plants Plants are extremely important in the lives of people throughout the world. People depend upon plants to satisfy such basic human needs as food, clothing, shelter, and health care. These needs are growing rapidly because of a growing world population, increasing incomes, and urbanization . Source for information on Economic Importance of Plants:

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ETHIOPIA: THIRD COUNTRY REPORT ON THE STATE OF

2014-1-9  loss of farmers' varieties. Ethiopia is the sole gene pool for globally important crops such as Coffea arabica and Eragrostis tef. Therefore, the loss of these crops will have negative implications not only for Ethiopia but also for the world at large.

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The value of indigenous tree species in Ethiopia - IFAD

In the Chencha region of southern Ethiopia, erosion continues to be a pressing concern for the Gamo people, one of the main indigenous tribes of Ethiopia. The Gamo people live in the highland area and primarily practice mixed agriculture and weaving. ©IFAD/Petterik Wiggers. Abraham Adamu, 24, is a skilled weaver in the Chencha region.

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Ethnobotanical study of ethnoveterinary plants in Kelem ...

The investigated plants were fall under 5 groups. Shrubs are highest 29(58%), followed by herbs 10(20%), tree 8(16%) and epiphyte is the least 1(2%) (Table 9). DISCUSSION Medicinal plants play a key role in the development and advancement of modern studies by serving as a starting point for the development of novelties in drug. Herbal

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Medicinal plants used in traditional medicine by Oromo ...

2015-4-14  Ethiopia is endowed with a diverse biological resources including about 6, 500 species of higher plants, with approximately 12% endemic, hence making it one of the six plant biodiversity rich regions [10]. Of these, more than 62.5% of the forest area are found in southwest region of Ethiopia [11] where most of the medicinal plants are con-

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Medicinal plants used in traditional medicine by Oromo ...

2014-5-8  Previous reports in Ethiopia [15–22, 24–26, 30–33]. have also shown that leaves were the most commonly used to treat various health problems Given the highest frequency of leaves used for medicinal purposes in the study area threat to the destruction of medicinal plants especially to trees and shrubs was found to be minimal, as high ...

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Ethiopian Traditional Herbal Medicine Botanica ...

Ethnobotanical survey of knowledge and usage custom of traditional insect/mosquito repellent plants among the Ethiopian Oromo ethnic group. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 125, 224-229. Teklehaymanot, T., Giday, M., Medhin, G. and Mekonnen, Y., 2007. Knowledge and use of medicinal plants by people around Debre Libanos monastery in Ethiopia.

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Non-Wood Forest Products in Ethiopia

2021-2-17  Medicinal plants comprise one of the important components of the vegetation. On record there are 600 species of medicinal plants constituting a little over 10 percent of Ethiopia's vascular flora. They are distributed all over the country, with greater concentration in the south and south-western part of

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ETHIOPIA: THIRD COUNTRY REPORT ON THE STATE OF

2014-1-9  loss of farmers' varieties. Ethiopia is the sole gene pool for globally important crops such as Coffea arabica and Eragrostis tef. Therefore, the loss of these crops will have negative implications not only for Ethiopia but also for the world at large.

Read More
The value of indigenous tree species in Ethiopia - IFAD

In the Chencha region of southern Ethiopia, erosion continues to be a pressing concern for the Gamo people, one of the main indigenous tribes of Ethiopia. The Gamo people live in the highland area and primarily practice mixed agriculture and weaving. ©IFAD/Petterik Wiggers. Abraham Adamu, 24, is a skilled weaver in the Chencha region.

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Antibacterial activity and phytochemical screening of

some important medicinal plants against human diarrheal pathogens in Adama city, Ethiopia H. Tesso*, A. K. Nisha and K. Kumsa School of Natural Sciences, Adama Science and Technology University, Adama, Ethiopia. Accepted 26 March, 2015 The methanol and chloroform plant extracts of Withania somnifera, Azadirachta indica, Croton

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Assessment of the Indigenous Knowledge and Use of ...

2017-5-22  recorded in Ethiopia, of which 12% or more are probably endemic. Medicinal plants comprise one of the important components of the vegetation. On record there are 600 species of medicinal plants constituting a little over 10 percent of Ethiopia's vascular flora. They are distributed all over the

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Cereal Crops Research Achievements and Challenges in

2018-10-9  productivity in different parts of Ethiopia. The impact of these biotic factors on the general performance, yield and grain quality varies depending upon the genetic, environmental, management condition and the interactions of these factors. Diseases are amongst the most important constraints in cereal production in Ethiopia.

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Ethiopia’s Manufacturing Industry Opportunities ...

The growth of the manufacturing sector within industry is essential to build national technological capacity, industrial capability and create broad based job opportunity and improve income. In addition to this, the development of the manufacturing industry helps to improve the total factor productivity and competitiveness of the overall economy and its trickledown effect to up and down the ...

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Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by people

2007-3-14  An ethnobotanical study was conducted from October 2005 to June 2006 to investigate the uses of medicinal plants by people in Zegie Peninsula, northwestern Ethiopia. Information was gathered from 200 people: 70 female and 130 males, using semistructured questionnaire. Of which, six were male local healers. The informants, except the healers, were selected randomly and no appointment was

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Part 1. Centers of Origins of Crop Plants and Agriculture

2018-3-28  Many cultivated plants have undergone very old but secondary development there, e.g. in Ethiopia. While further developing Vavilov's ideas about the centers of origin, Sinskaya (1966) singled out the African region for the historic development of cultivated flora.

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Ethiopia plants 350m trees in a day to help tackle climate ...

2019-7-29  Ethiopia plants 350m trees in a day to help tackle climate crisis. This article is more than 1 year old. National ‘green legacy’ initiative aims to reduce environmental degradation.

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