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Mining Compounds South Africa

Compound (migrant labour) - Wikipedia

An earlier form of compound developed in South Africa in response to copper mining in Namaqualand in the 1850s. However, the systems of control associated with labour compounds became more organized in the context of diamond mining at what became Kimberley from the early 1870s. By 1872 more than 50 000 people had converged on the Diamond Fields. The newspaperman R.W. Murraycharacterized the labour market in 1873 as containing ”the oddest gathering of human things th

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From Compounded to Fragmented Labour: Mineworkers and

Cape in South Africa, through to Lesotho, Mozambique, Malawi and Tanzania—regimes of control varied and were shaped by local and national politics (see eg Beinart 1979; Wilson 1972:4). The second node was the institution of the mining compound at the mines themselves. Control in the compounds linked back to various rural villages with

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Mining in SA - Minerals Council South Africa

Economic activity in modern-day South Africa has been centred on mining activities, their ancillary services and supplies. The country’s stock exchange in Johannesburg was established in 1887, a decade after the first diamonds were discovered on the banks of the Orange River, and almost simultaneously with the gold rush on the world-famous Witwatersrand.

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Grade 8 - Term 2: The Mineral Revolution in South Africa ...

Control over black workers, closed compounds and migrant labour. Miners eating in their compound Image source. With the discovery of diamonds in South Africa, institutionalised forms of labour control such as the compound/ hostel system now emerged, and in the industrial environment exploitative relations now assumed the same racial form as that which already existed in the rural areas.

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Mining industry of South Africa - Wikipedia

Mining in South Africa was once the main driving force behind the history and development of Africa's most advanced and richest economy. Large-scale and profitable mining started with the discovery of a diamond on the banks of the Orange River in 1867 by Erasmus Jacobs and the subsequent discovery and exploitation of the Kimberley pipes a few years later.

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Grade 8 - Topic 2 - The Mineral Revolution in South Africa ...

Feb 24, 2015  Background and Focus of Grade 8- Term 2: The Mineral Revolution in South Africa. The Mineral Revolution in South Africa started with the discovery of diamonds in Kimberley in 1867, and intensified with the discovery of deep-level gold on the Witwatersrand in 1886. By the time that gold was discovered, African kingdoms had lost their independence.

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From Compounded to Fragmented Labour: Mineworkers

Cape in South Africa, through to Lesotho, Mozambique, Malawi and Tanzania—regimes of control varied and were shaped by local and national politics (see eg Beinart 1979; Wilson 1972:4). The second node was the institution of the mining compound at the mines themselves. Control in the compounds linked back to various rural villages with

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mining compounds south africa - shibang-china

Compound (migrant labour) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Compounds at Kimberley. An earlier form of compound developed in South Africa in response to copper mining

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Mining and minerals in South Africa Brand South Africa

Aug 16, 2012  Mining also provides the feedstock for about 94% of the country’s electricity generating capacity. The value of total sales increased by 24.8% to R302.2-billion ($37-billion) in 2010, and the three top-selling minerals – PGMs, coal and gold – accounted for 66.3% of total mineral sales. South Africa’s mineral reserves are well-mapped ...

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Mining Conditions in South Africa - Mining in Africa

Jan 08, 2017  South Africa in particular has a massive mining industry – it is a major source of diamonds, gold, platinum and coal, and is home to most of the deepest mines in the world. With a vast supply of highly sought-after raw materials and a relatively low population density considering the space, South Africa has a thriving mining industry.

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Grade 8 - Topic 2 - The Mineral Revolution in South Africa ...

Feb 24, 2015  Background and Focus of Grade 8- Term 2: The Mineral Revolution in South Africa. The Mineral Revolution in South Africa started with the discovery of diamonds in Kimberley in 1867, and intensified with the discovery of deep-level gold on the Witwatersrand in 1886. By the time that gold was discovered, African kingdoms had lost their independence.

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Mining industry of South Africa - Wikipedia

Mining in South Africa was once the main driving force behind the history and development of Africa's most advanced and richest economy. Large-scale and profitable mining started with the discovery of a diamond on the banks of the Orange River in 1867 by Erasmus Jacobs and the subsequent discovery and exploitation of the Kimberley pipes a few years later.

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Emergency power fiasco compounds South Africa’s energy crisis

Jun 17, 2021  Emergency power fiasco compounds South Africa’s energy crisis. The debacle surrounding South Africa’s bid to secure emergency power supplies has highlighted a dysfunctional energy policy that ...

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South Africa’s Mine Trap - YouTube

Mar 24, 2015  Conditions in South Africa’s underground mines pose serious health risks for mine workers and their families. The country’s mine workers have the highest rat...

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Land, conflict and radical distributive claims in South ...

Jul 20, 2021  Informal mining settlements in Rustenburg, South Africa, grew exponentially due to the removal of apartheid-era spatial controls in the late 1980s and the boom in platinum mining

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Coal mining byproduct highly effective for land ...

Jul 26, 2021  A researcher at the University of Alberta in Canada has discovered that nano humus, a substance extracted from coal mine deposits and then crushed

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Major South African mining port disrupted due to protests ...

Jul 14, 2021  - The entire supply chain leading to Durban and Richards Bay has been shut down, according to a report by South Africa's rail authority, and the impact could be felt upon miners throughout Africa. "Service levels in the ports of Durban and Richards Bay have been negatively affected, as the entire supply chain is closed – including the roads ...

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5. The mining industry, migrant labour and hostels - The O ...

It is a voluntary association of private sector mining finance houses, mining companies and mines. It has over 80 members drawn from South Africa's gold, coal, diamond, platinum, antinomy, asbestos, manganese, lead and copper mining sections. The members account for approximately 85% of the mineral output of South Africa.

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elements and compound being gold mining

the elements and compound of gold mining. the elements and compound of gold mining. ... The expansion of gold mining in the Rand of South Africa began to slow down in the 1880s, as the new deposits being found tended to pyritic ore. The gold could not be extracted from this compound with any of the then available . get price.

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South Africa - British Empire

In short, the compound was the key institution of labour control in early industrial South Africa. It provided the link between a capitalist enclave in Kimberley and its labour- supplying hinterland. The mine- owners had struggled to control the supply of labour throughout the 1870s and 1880s, but had failed in the face of the greater control ...

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Mining in South Africa ProjectsIQ

Mining in South Africa began with chance discovery of a diamond on the banks of the Orange River in 1867. By the 1880s, the mines around Kimberley produced around 95% of the world diamonds. In 1886, on the farm of Langlaagte, the rapidly growing

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Depopulating the compounds: Migrant labor and mine housing ...

Apr 01, 1991  Compound morphology has been reshaped and, in 1987, the South African gold mining corporations surprised most obser- vers by announcing ambitious plans to move a significant proportion of their black workforce out of the compounds into owner-occupied fami- ly housing units and reduce their dependence on migrant labor.

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Minerals and Mining Policy of South Africa: Green Paper ...

South Africa's mining industry is supported by an extensive and diversified resource base, and has since its inception been a cornerstone of South Africa's economy. ... These include pass laws, compounds, the migrant labour system, the reservation of skilled work for white people, and the denial of trade union rights to black workers up until ...

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A history of mining in South Africa (ZA)

A history of mining in South Africa. ining in South Africa has been a contentious issue since 15-year-old Erasmus Stephanus Jacobs discovered South Africa’s first diamond, the Eureka, in Hopetown in 1867. It kickstarted what historians call the Mineral Revolution, which made few European opportunists wealthy beyond measure, and saw hundreds ...

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Mining towns and urban sprawl in South Africa - ScienceDirect

Apr 01, 2020  Introduction. Mining towns are a common phenomenon in South Africa. Historically, housing in these towns consisted of privately owned houses (exclusively for white miners, until the mid-1980s), company owned houses and, predominantly until the early 2000s, high density compounds for black miners. Today the mining towns are of various kinds.

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The Compound in Post-Apartheid South Africa

ABSTRACT. Legacies of apartheid in South Africa include a migrant-labor system and a shortage of affordable housing in the cities. A post-apartheid government must confront both legacies. Possible alternatives to the migrant system and compounds are being discussed by mining

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I.D.B. and the Mining Compound System in the 1880s ...

Colin Newbury, Technology, Capital, and Consolidation: The Performance of De Beers Mining Company Limited, 1880–1889, Business History Review, 10.2307/3115773, 61, 1, (1-42), (2012). Crossref Lindsay Weiss, Exceptional Space: Concentration Camps and Labor Compounds in Late Nineteenth-Century South Africa, Archaeologies of Internment, 10.1007 ...

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Scripting the Compound: Power and Space in the South ...

In this paper the discursive construction of South Africa's quintessential institution of labour coercion and control—the mine compound—is explored. Popular and academic narratives of the origins, spread, and role of the compound are traced, with particular attention to the scripts of marxists, social historians, and poststructuralists.

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(PDF) Living conditions of mine workers from eight mines ...

Apr 10, 2018  The mining sector in South Africa is currently dealing with sustainability-related. concerns, including financial pressures, retrenchments, and labour unrest, and mines ... the demise of compounds ...

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A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

By 1932 South Africa and its highly cost-sensitive gold mining industry were enjoying a windfall. In that year the country departed from the Gold Standard, new gold-bearing formations were found, and the gold price rose. These windfalls gave industry 66 MARCH 2004 The Journal of The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy

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Land, conflict and radical distributive claims in South ...

Jul 20, 2021  Informal mining settlements in Rustenburg, South Africa, grew exponentially due to the removal of apartheid-era spatial controls in the late 1980s and the boom in platinum mining

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Mining in South Africa: Industry challenges in 2020

Apr 04, 2020  The mining industry in South Africa is complex and extensively governed by legislation and controlled by regulation, yet still, there are several issues likely to raise challenges in 2020.. These include proposed amendments to the regulations published in terms of the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, 2002 (MPRDA) relating to retrenchments, the publication of proposed

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Distribution of perfluorinated compounds (PFASs) in the ...

In the present study, we examined the distribution of 15 PFASs in fish, invertebrates, sediment and water, collected at three sites, representing a gradient of industrial and mining pollution, along the Vaal River, South Africa. Furthermore, possible risks for human health

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8. China's Mining Footprint in Africa - China in Africa ...

While South Africa is a natural port of call for Chinese mining companies, competition is tough in the local mining environment while the country’s draconian black economic empowerment (BEE) criteria has made Chinese investors wary of committing large investments into the mining sector – a trend evident with mining companies from other ...

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